How To Treat Gum Abscess
A gum abscess (periodontal abscess) occurs due to a build-up of bacteria under the gums. This is often caused by tiny pieces of food or foreign materials becoming lodged in the spaces between the teeth and gums. Over time these food particles causes bacterial infection which can lead to an abscess developing on the gums.
If you have a gum abscess, you may experience mouth pain, swelling on the gums, a funny taste in the mouth or sometimes even a loose or discoloured tooth. You will need to seek dental treatment quickly to stop the infection from spreading and doing further damage.
If a visit to your dentist does not solve your abscess then you should seek the advice of an endodontist or root canal specialist as soon as possible. An endodontist specialises in saving teeth and keeping roots healthy and safe.
Prior to appointment, you can relieve symptoms you may be experiencing by taking painkillers, such as Ibuprofen or paracetamol, and taking care not to aggravate the infected area when eating or brushing.
The professional treatment for a gum abscess usually involves draining away the pus from the abscess by making a small incision to the gum, removing the cause of the infection and thoroughly cleaning the infected area. Depending on how severe the infection is, treatment may extend to root canal work to remove bacterial build up from the empty tooth canals, or endodontic surgery to repair damaged root surfaces. In some cases, it may involve tooth extraction if root canal treatment is not possible.
It is very important that a gum abscess receives the proper treatment. Untreated abscesses can cause the infection to spread throughout the mouth and, in some cases, to the sinus cavities, the jawbone or other parts of the face.
If the infection has spread or is severe, you may be prescribed with antibiotics, although gum abscesses are often treated without the need for this. You may require a follow up appointment if root canal treatment or surgical procedures have been performed. Otherwise, it’s just a case of taking the necessary steps to prevent any gum or tooth abscesses returning – good oral hygiene (regular brushing and flossing) and regular dental check-ups.